Literary genres are categories that distinguish the different types of written works. The distinctions of the literary forms, their classes and their numerous subgroups are flexible and vaguely defined. That being said, there are universal literary categories in which we can place the tens of millions of literary compositions. First of all, it is important to note that there are two types of writing, prose and poetry or, more specifically, writing in verse.
Two Types of Writing
The prose is a form of free expression that is close to the natural flow of speech dictated by the laws of grammar. Poetry and verse writing, on the other hand, are a form of language that serves to exacerbate the musical and aesthetic qualities of speech by respecting specific rules that limit its rhythm, the phonaesthesia, the symbolism of words and the metre or length of verses. Both forms of writing are present in all literary genres. They are, therefore, not distinguished by the end of using one or the other but by their respective substance.
The Major Literary Genres
Literature has literally shaped our history for as long as it has been given us the opportunity to write. A study by Google has estimated the number of literary works has more than 130 million different books, scattered among all the genres and sub-genres mentioned here and more. Good reading!